Church of St. Hripsime. Before entering the city of Echmiadzin stands the majestic temple of Hripsime. Hripsime is the name of the martyr whose grave is in the crypt, under the altar. Due to the spread of Christianity in Armenia, as well as the refusal to marry Trdat III, she was tortured and killed. On the site of her death in the 7th century. Catholicos Komitas erected a temple. This is indicated by the inscription on the western wall of the temple from the outside. Temple Hripsime is a classic example of cross-shaped central-domed structures.
Church of St. Gayane. Among the numerous monuments of Etchmiadzin, the most famous temple is Gayane, located south of the Cathedral. According to the legend, martyr Gayane was a friend of Hripsime, her mentor and also, like her, she died for the spread of Christianity. The temple was founded in 630. Catholicos Ezrom. Built in the form of a dome basilica, he in 1652g. was overhauled. Later, a gallery was added to its western façade – the burial place of the hierarchs of the Armenian church. In the southern side-chapel of the temple, next to the altar apse, relics of St. Gayane.
Etchmiadzin Cathedral. Echmiadzin Cathedral is considered one of the most ancient monuments of Christianity. It was built in the 4th century. After the proclamation of Christianity as the state religion. According to the legend, the Cathedral was built on the very spot that Christ, who appeared in the dream to Gregory the Illuminator, pointed out, and it is from here that the name Echmiadzin originates. The Etchmiadzin Cathedral is the spiritual center of the Armenian Apostolic Church, as well as the residence of the Catholicos of All Armenians. The church complex summarizes three churches located near the cathedral: St. Hripsime, St. Gayane, St. Shoghakat in memory of the martyrs who died from the persecutions
Zvartnots. This amazing temple is the result of the great experience and creative potential of the Armenian architects of the 7th century. Being based on columns, it stood up to the 10th century. At the beginning of the 20th century, when excavations were conducted on this site, many specialists could hardly accept the reconstruction model developed by the famous Armenian architect Toros Toramanyan, since it is difficult to imagine how such a cumbersome and complex structure could have been erected in those days. And it is surprising that one of the bas-reliefs of the temple of Saint-Chapelle in Paris, which depicts the temple of Zvartnots with Noah’s Ark, proves the version of Toramyan. It looks exactly like a model presented by an architect.